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Type of publication: research article
Type of publication (PDB): Straipsnis Clarivate Analytics Web of Science / Article in Clarivate Analytics Web of Science (S1)
Field of Science: Aplinkos inžinerija / Environmental engineering (T004)
Author(s): Povilaitis, Arvydas;Šileika, Antanas Sigitas;Deelstra, Johannes;Gaigalis, Kazimieras;Baigys, Giedrius
Title: Nitrogen losses from small agricultural catchments in Lithuania
Is part of: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. Amsterdam : Elsevier, Vol. 198 (2014)
Extent: p. 54-64
Date: 2014
Keywords: Nitrogen;Losses;Agriculture;Catchment;Lithuania
Abstract: A study of precipitation, runoff and total annual nitrogen concentrations in streamflow was performed in three small stream catchments (A = 1.66 ÷ 14.2 km2) located in western, middle and southeastern parts of Lithuania during 1996–2010. The studied catchments belong to different geographic districts of Lithuania in which climate, soil, land use and farming conditions differ. The main objective was to present and analyse long-term data collected from three water-quality monitoring sites and to investigate the impact of various factors that may affect nitrogen losses. The results revealed the complex and dynamic nature of the various factors affecting nitrogen losses. The nitrogen contribution from wet deposition varied from 6.3 to 56.7 kg ha−1 per year and it was found to be significant factor controlling nitrogen export from the catchments. However, the proportions of arable land and pasture within the catchment, as well as the soil conditions were also found to be important. The annual runoff varied from 54 to 403 mm and exhibited strong spatial patterns among the catchments. The highest runoff was observed in the stream in southeast Lithuania, where sandy soils and a larger groundwater supply prevail. High runoff was also found typical in the stream in western Lithuania, the catchment of which received greater precipitation, exhibited hilly topography and a large drained area. The smallest runoff and highest instream nitrogen concentration (flow-weighted annual average was 7.0 mg l−1 compared with 3.3 and 2.8 mg l−1 in the other streams) was observed in the stream in the middle Lithuanian lowland, where more intensive agricultural activity occurs. The average annual load of total nitrogen in the stream in mid-Lithuania was 15.3 kg ha−1, compared with 11.8 and 7.0 kg ha−1 for the streams in the southeast and west, respectively
Affiliation(s): Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas
Žemės ūkio akademija
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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